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Common Cat Diseases & Their Treatments

Cats can be fiercely independent creatures, roaming through our homes (and neighborhoods) with an air of cool, calm nonchalance about them. It’s this sense of mystery, not to mention their low maintenance nature that attracts many pet owners. However, our feline friends, just like their canine counterparts can fall prey to ill health and ailments – both out of pure bad luck (I.e. genetics) and also due to specific lifestyle factors.

Whilst it’s without a doubt quite distressing when our feline friends are unwell, it’s important to remember most common cat diseases can be treated or at least managed successfully, as The Pets Hotel team share in this article.

Keeping in mind the average life expectancy for a healthy, domestic cat is around 12-15 years, treating ailments early by recognising the symptoms and contacting a fully-qualified vet is key to keeping them purring with good health! On that note, the RSPCA website and AVA (Australian Veterinary Association) directory are excellent resources.

An overview of common dog diseases and their treatments can be read here.


Common Cat Diseases


Cat Diabetes

Just like humans and their canine pals, cats can also develop diabetes – a condition known simply as ‘Cat Diabetes’. This occurs when a cat cannot produce sufficient insulin or process it effectively, leading to elevated blood sugar levels and hyperglycemia – a disorder which can ultimately prove fatal. On a positive note, diabetes in cats can be effectively treated in most cases through daily insulin injections and a well-regulated diet.

Symptoms

  • Dehydration
  • Increased urination
  • Lethargy
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss

Treatment

  • Daily insulin injections
  • Diet (high in fibre)


Cat Fleas

Another very common and highly annoying feline ailment, cat fleas (often just called ‘fleas’) are small parasites that stick to the skin of your pet to feed off its blood. Given the common nature of this condition – one which most cats will experience at least once in their life, a number of highly effective treatments have been developed. This includes over the counter topical treatments applied directly to their skin, which are available at most pet stores.

Symptoms

  • Hair loss
  • Persistent scratching
  • Redness of skin
  • Scabs
  • Visible fleas

Treatment

  • Over the counter topical treatments

 

Cat Flu

A highly contagious cat disease that affects the respiratory system, as it does in humans, cat flu is both common and also highly aggressive. Young kittens and older cats are particularly at risk from this condition which is caused by Feline Herpes Virus 1 (FHV1) and Feline Calicivirus (FVC), given their compromised immune system. Treatments including antibiotic medication, painkillers and eye drops to ease the symptoms, until the immune system can clear the infection naturally.

Symptoms

  • Coughing
  • Discharge from eyes or nose
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sneezing

Treatment

  • Antibiotic medication
  • Eye drops
  • IV drip (in severe cases)
  • Painkillers


Cat Obesity

More a lifestyle-related issue than a disease per se, obesity is an increasingly common condition amongst cats, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic and the increasing amount of time owners have spent at home feeding their feline friends delicious treats! However, cat obsesity if left untreated can lead to a whole range of other unwelcome ailments – most notably diabetes. Thankfully, treatment is quite straightforward and includes changes to your cat’s diet (I.e. portion control) and ensuring they get regular exercise.

Symptoms

  • Excess body fat
  • Inability to walk or exercise
  • Weight gain

Treatment

  • Exercise
  • Healthy diet

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus

Also known as FIV, Feline Immunodeficiency Virus is another contagious cat disease that’s spread through bites from other felines infected with FIV, with this virus living in the saliva. It’s slow-acting and severely weakens a cat’s immune system once it takes hold, making early diagnosis and treatment key. Treatments include anti-inflammatory drugs, immune-enhancing drugs and a heathy, palatable diet.

Symptoms

  • Anemia
  • Diarrhea
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sneezing
  • Weight loss

Treatment

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Healthy diet
  • Immune-enhancing drugs

 

Keen to find out more about The Pets Hotel and our friendly team of professional animal lovers? Contact us at The Pets Hotel (Port Melbourne) on (03) 9646 3696 or The Pets Hotel Country Club (Lara) on (03) 5282 1286.

About Us

After years of research in Australia and the USA, The Pets Hotel is custom designed for your pet’s health, safety and comfort, all in a fun-filled environment - which exceeds the industry Code of Practice.
The owners of The Pets Hotel have 35 years experience in the Pet industry.

The Pets Hotel is the culmination of this experience.

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Contact Information

info@thepetshotel.com.au
Phone: (03) 9646 3696
Fax: (03) 9646 3695
Hours:

ALTERED OPENING HOURS
Monday - Friday
7am-12pm & 3.00pm-6.30pm
Saturday
9am-12.30pm
Sunday
12pm-4.30pm
Public Holidays
Closed

Address: 7 Phillip Court
Port Melbourne. Vic 3207